Hindu Meditation is one of the most practiced types of meditation across the world. These meditation techniques have been picked up by many cultures across the world and particularly in the West due to their benefits which include improved mental and physical health, increased energy and better emotions and moods among many others. There are however different types of Hindu Meditation, all with different origins and techniques. Here are three popular techniques.
This is probably one of the most known names in the world. The term Yoga means Union. This category also has other subcategories of meditation techniques. These are
- Pranayama which is centered on breathing regulation.
- This is pretty advanced and requires certain levels of mind control and stillness.
- Nada Yoga. This is Sound meditation and as the name suggests, it involves focusing on sound.
- Kriya Yoga. Taught by Paramahamsa Yogananda, this technique involves a set of breathing, meditation and energization exercises. It is particularly for those seeking spiritual meditation.
- Kundalini Meditation with its end goal being the awakening of the “kundalini energy”. This is a complex technique that requires the guidance of a Yogi. Kundalini energy is found at the base of the spine.
- Also called Gazing Meditation, it involves gazing at an external object like a candle, symbol or image.
- Chakra meditation. This involves focusing on the 7 chakras which are the energy centers. It also incorporates the use of mantras.
- Third Eye Meditation. This involves focusing on the area between the eyebrows where the third eye is located. The third eye or “ajna chakra” is the spiritual eye.
Mantra Meditation/OM Meditation.
Mantra meditation is popular both with Hindus and Buddhists. This meditation involves the use of mantras, which are words or syllables with no meaning that are repeated over and over again to help n focusing the mind. The term OM Meditation refers to one of the common mantras used “OM.” The technique behind this mediation is simple. Sitting spine erect and eyes closed, you silently repeat the mantra in your mind over and over again for the whole session. However, in other places, the mantra can be whispered out softly to improve concentration.
Sometimes, breathing is included in the exercise where you are to coordinate the exercise with your breathing. Some additional popular mantras are yam, ham, rama, om namah shivaya, and so-ham among many others.
Transcendental Meditation (TM)
TM was the brainchild of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi back in 1955. He introduced the technique in his home country India and also in the West where it gained great popularity, even among celebrities like the Beach Boys, the Beatles, Oprah and many others. Today, there are over 5000 practitioners of TM and a lot of scientific research done behind its benefits.
The TM technique requires a licensed instructor, unlike others meditations that can be self-taught. Done for 15-20 minutes twice every day, Transcendental also involves the use of mantra. This mantra is given to you depending on your age and gender. Sitting up straight and with your eyes closed, you slowly concentrate on your breathing while repeating the mantra in your mind.