Stress will help you every now and then to really push yourself for the deadline or do something that you would otherwise not have done; however how much stress do we really need? Excessive stress on the other hand has adverse effects on both our mental and physical health, this article will examine the physiology of stress and why you should learn how to handle them effectively.
Besides affecting your mental health, here are some other ways that excessive stress can kill you:
Whenever we experience stress, our body experiences the fight of flight mode, which is a state where the body will release certain hormones and chemicals such as adrenaline and endorphins into our body to avert the danger. The increase in these hormones will lead to an increase of blood pressure and blood flow to certain parts of our organs, while slowing down certain parts too. It was important that we have this stage in the past, but certainly it is not as important in our society these days.
After the threat is over, your body will then start on the next stage where it will repair tissues that was damaged during the fight or flight mode, and this is called the stress resistance. Normal function of our body will begin again, but we are still somewhat on an alert mode.
The final physiological change in our body is the stress exhaustion stage; at this stage it can be potentially harmful, especially if we go through this stage often. Our cardiovascular system will suffer due to the overabundance of various chemicals produced during the first stage and as such will cause our immune system to be suppressed.
This is the main reason why cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, stroke and heart diseases are most commonly linked to high level of stress. Another way it can be harmful to us is that it can lead to the formation of stomach ulcers due to a weakened immune system, and it will affect our eating habits.
Going through high level of stress can also affect our sleeping pattern as well as our sexual desire and performance, you will also find that we are more susceptible to headaches and body aches.